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The Principles and Mechanisms of Game-Based Learning

The above figure is from Perrotta et al. (2013)

According to the authors, the principles of Game-Based learning include:

  • Intrinsic motivation
  • Learning through intense enjoyment and “fun”
  • Authenticity
  • Self-reliance and autonomy
  • Experimental learning

And specifically, the mechanisms of Game-Based learning include:

  • Rules
  • Clear but challenging goals
  • A fictional setting or “fantasy” that provides a compelling background
  • Progressive difficulty levels
  • Interaction and high degree of student control
  • Immediate and constructive feedback
  • A social element that allows people to share experiences and build bonds

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